dlist-0.8.0.4: Difference lists

Copyright(c) 2006-2009 Don Stewart 2013-2016 Sean Leather
LicenseSee LICENSE file
Maintainersean.leather@gmail.com
Stabilitystable
Portabilityportable
Safe HaskellTrustworthy
LanguageHaskell98

Data.DList

Contents

Description

Difference lists: a data structure for O(1) append on lists.

Synopsis

Documentation

data DList a where Source #

A difference list is a function that, given a list, returns the original contents of the difference list prepended to the given list.

This structure supports O(1) append and snoc operations on lists, making it very useful for append-heavy uses (esp. left-nested uses of ++), such as logging and pretty printing.

Here is an example using DList as the state type when printing a tree with the Writer monad:

import Control.Monad.Writer
import Data.DList

data Tree a = Leaf a | Branch (Tree a) (Tree a)

flatten_writer :: Tree x -> DList x
flatten_writer = snd . runWriter . flatten
    where
      flatten (Leaf x)     = tell (singleton x)
      flatten (Branch x y) = flatten x >> flatten y

Bundled Patterns

pattern Nil :: DList a

A unidirectional pattern synonym using toList in a view pattern and matching on []

pattern Cons :: a -> [a] -> DList a

A unidirectional pattern synonym using toList in a view pattern and matching on x:xs such that you have the pattern Cons x xs

Instances
Monad DList Source # 
Instance details

Defined in Data.DList

Methods

(>>=) :: DList a -> (a -> DList b) -> DList b Source #

(>>) :: DList a -> DList b -> DList b Source #

return :: a -> DList a Source #

fail :: String -> DList a Source #

Functor DList Source # 
Instance details

Defined in Data.DList

Methods

fmap :: (a -> b) -> DList a -> DList b Source #

(<$) :: a -> DList b -> DList a Source #

Applicative DList Source # 
Instance details

Defined in Data.DList

Methods

pure :: a -> DList a Source #

(<*>) :: DList (a -> b) -> DList a -> DList b Source #

liftA2 :: (a -> b -> c) -> DList a -> DList b -> DList c Source #

(*>) :: DList a -> DList b -> DList b Source #

(<*) :: DList a -> DList b -> DList a Source #

Foldable DList Source # 
Instance details

Defined in Data.DList

Methods

fold :: Monoid m => DList m -> m Source #

foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> DList a -> m Source #

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> DList a -> b Source #

foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> DList a -> b Source #

foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> DList a -> b Source #

foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> DList a -> b Source #

foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> DList a -> a Source #

foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> DList a -> a Source #

toList :: DList a -> [a] Source #

null :: DList a -> Bool Source #

length :: DList a -> Int Source #

elem :: Eq a => a -> DList a -> Bool Source #

maximum :: Ord a => DList a -> a Source #

minimum :: Ord a => DList a -> a Source #

sum :: Num a => DList a -> a Source #

product :: Num a => DList a -> a Source #

Alternative DList Source # 
Instance details

Defined in Data.DList

Methods

empty :: DList a Source #

(<|>) :: DList a -> DList a -> DList a Source #

some :: DList a -> DList [a] Source #

many :: DList a -> DList [a] Source #

MonadPlus DList Source # 
Instance details

Defined in Data.DList

Methods

mzero :: DList a Source #

mplus :: DList a -> DList a -> DList a Source #

IsList (DList a) Source # 
Instance details

Defined in Data.DList

Associated Types

type Item (DList a) :: Type Source #

Methods

fromList :: [Item (DList a)] -> DList a Source #

fromListN :: Int -> [Item (DList a)] -> DList a Source #

toList :: DList a -> [Item (DList a)] Source #

Eq a => Eq (DList a) Source # 
Instance details

Defined in Data.DList

Methods

(==) :: DList a -> DList a -> Bool Source #

(/=) :: DList a -> DList a -> Bool Source #

Ord a => Ord (DList a) Source # 
Instance details

Defined in Data.DList

Methods

compare :: DList a -> DList a -> Ordering Source #

(<) :: DList a -> DList a -> Bool Source #

(<=) :: DList a -> DList a -> Bool Source #

(>) :: DList a -> DList a -> Bool Source #

(>=) :: DList a -> DList a -> Bool Source #

max :: DList a -> DList a -> DList a Source #

min :: DList a -> DList a -> DList a Source #

Read a => Read (DList a) Source # 
Instance details

Defined in Data.DList

Show a => Show (DList a) Source # 
Instance details

Defined in Data.DList

a ~ Char => IsString (DList a) Source # 
Instance details

Defined in Data.DList

Methods

fromString :: String -> DList a Source #

Semigroup (DList a) Source # 
Instance details

Defined in Data.DList

Methods

(<>) :: DList a -> DList a -> DList a Source #

sconcat :: NonEmpty (DList a) -> DList a Source #

stimes :: Integral b => b -> DList a -> DList a Source #

Monoid (DList a) Source # 
Instance details

Defined in Data.DList

Methods

mempty :: DList a Source #

mappend :: DList a -> DList a -> DList a Source #

mconcat :: [DList a] -> DList a Source #

NFData a => NFData (DList a) Source # 
Instance details

Defined in Data.DList

Methods

rnf :: DList a -> () Source #

type Item (DList a) Source # 
Instance details

Defined in Data.DList

type Item (DList a) = a

Construction

fromList :: [a] -> DList a Source #

Convert a list to a dlist

toList :: DList a -> [a] Source #

Convert a dlist to a list

apply :: DList a -> [a] -> [a] Source #

Apply a dlist to a list to get the underlying list with an extension

apply (fromList xs) ys = xs ++ ys

Basic functions

empty :: DList a Source #

Create a dlist containing no elements

singleton :: a -> DList a Source #

Create dlist with a single element

cons :: a -> DList a -> DList a infixr 9 Source #

O(1). Prepend a single element to a dlist

snoc :: DList a -> a -> DList a infixl 9 Source #

O(1). Append a single element to a dlist

append :: DList a -> DList a -> DList a Source #

O(1). Append dlists

concat :: [DList a] -> DList a Source #

O(spine). Concatenate dlists

replicate :: Int -> a -> DList a Source #

O(n). Create a dlist of the given number of elements

list :: b -> (a -> DList a -> b) -> DList a -> b Source #

O(n). List elimination for dlists

head :: DList a -> a Source #

O(n). Return the head of the dlist

tail :: DList a -> DList a Source #

O(n). Return the tail of the dlist

unfoldr :: (b -> Maybe (a, b)) -> b -> DList a Source #

O(n). Unfoldr for dlists

foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> DList a -> b Source #

O(n). Foldr over difference lists

map :: (a -> b) -> DList a -> DList b Source #

O(n). Map over difference lists.